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Health - News - World - January 7, 2019

Types Of Plastic Surgery And What You Need To Know

Expanding research and specialization has made plastic surgery affordable and more common across the globe

By definition, plastic surgery is a set of procedures that can either be re-constructive or cosmetic. While re-constructive surgery involves restoring a body part to improve its function, cosmetic surgery aims at improving its appearance. With improved technology, there is a sharp increase in the demand for plastic surgery. We take a look at some of the many types of this surgery and their medical terms.

Abdominoplasty

Abdominoplasty is a cosmetic procedure used to enhance the appearance of the abdominal area. Some doctors call it the “tummy tuck”. In essence, doctors do this to make the abdominal area of the patient thinner and firmer. The plastic surgeon will remove excess skin and fatty tissue to make the abdominal wall tighter.

Liposuction

In this procedure, the surgeon removes fat that a patient is unable to get rid of through normal exercise and dietary changes. The surgeon will therefore perform the surgery on your belly, back, thighs, hips, arms, buttocks or even face to improve their appearance.

Forehead Lift

The forehead lift aims at correcting wrinkles and creases in the skin of the forehead, upper eyelids, and eyebrows that sag. Medics sometimes refer to the cosmetic procedure as temporal lift or brow lift.

Hair transplantation

Individuals with male pattern baldness commonly use this technique to improve aesthetics. The surgeon will transfer hair follicles from a section of the body (donor site) and implant it to a balding section of the body (recipient site).

Breast surgery

Breast surgery is a form of surgery performed on the breast that can either be re-constructive or cosmetic. In cancer patients, a surgeon will perform a mastectomy to rid the patient of cancerous cells. In breast augmentation, the surgeon will reduce or enhance the breasts depending on the wishes of the patient.

Differing Opinions

A growing number of medics and surgeons are pushing for the distinction of plastic surgery and cosmetic surgery. Therefore, they prefer to advocate for a differentiation in cosmetic surgery aiming at improving appearance while plastic should repair defects to reconstruct a normal function.

According to this definition, the scope of cosmetic surgery includes major categories: breast enhancement, facial contouring, facial rejuvenation,body contouring and skin rejuvenation.

On the other hand, plastic surgery includes congenital defect repair, breast reconstruction, burn repair surgery, , lower extremity reconstruction,
scar revision surgery and hand surgery.

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